Having the first period (menarche) tends to be exciting and scary. It is said to be a new phase in a girl’s life. After a few cycles of menstruation most learn to know the symptoms whereas others don’t. The following article tells you about the signs and symptoms associated with menstruation.
Monthly menstrual bleeding occurs when the uterine line sheds through vagina; it indicates the beginning of menstrual cycle. The hormonal interactions that take place during this cycle are said to be essential as they prepare a woman’s body for its next stage of life that is pregnancy. However, some women and girls experience a host of distressing symptoms before, after and during menstrual period. Abdominal pain and cramps are usually the most common kind of indications that women experience, where the intensity of pain ranges from mild to severe and differs from woman to woman. However there are symptoms that could hint you about your monthly period.
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS): Premenstrual syndrome refers to a set of symptoms that are connected with the menstrual cycle of a woman. Though these physical and emotional symptoms appear before periods start, they peak as the days reach closer to menstruation. Premenstrual syndrome symptoms include the following:
- Mood swings
- Pain in the joints and muscles
- Low energy level
- Food cravings
- Acne flare ups
- Pain in lower back
- Sore breast or change in breast size
- Pain radiating to back and legs
The above mentioned symptoms occur due to the production of estrogen and progesterone. Some of these symptoms may remain even during periods. If the symptoms are severe hindering your activities they can be pacified through non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and applications. In worst cases like debilitating pain, heavier or longer bleeding and lack of concentration, making a trip to your doctor is the right decision.
The good news is that most of the symptoms bothering you can be eliminated or brought under control by yourself. It is about how well you manage your diet and how fit you are. You might have noticed that women who are regularly engaged in outdoor or adventure sports tend to lack these troublesome symptoms. So take the first step, join a gym or an aerobic class just to keep your body involved and active. Also try out gentle workouts during periods that could keep you off cramps. It is advisable to avoid caffeine, alcohol and cigarettes during menstruation as these habits are observed to be factors that induce pain during periods.
Have a check on what you eat. Are you eating enough to cover all important nutrients for your body? Keep your meals as healthy as possible by including a lot of fresh fruits and vegetables. If required make a chart of food items that should and shouldn’t be there on your plate during periods. Staying healthy and being active can lead to a smooth menstrual cycle.
Keep in mind the following checklist of symptoms that hints abnormal bleeding:
- Blood flow between periods
- Spotting between periods
- Heavier or longer days of bleeding
- Bleeding after sex
- Bleeding after menopause